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Following mass emigration to Israel after the fall of communism, there are only Albanian Jews left in the country. As of the census , there were 1,, Orthodox and Bektashis are mostly found in the south, whereas Catholics mainly live in the north.
Albania shares many symbols associated with its history, culture and belief. These include the colours red and black, animals such as the golden eagle living across the country, costumes such as the fustanella , plis and opinga which are worn to special events and celebrations, plants such as the olive and red poppy growing as well across the country.
The flag of Albania is a red flag with a black double-headed eagle positioned in the centre. The artistic history of Albania has been particularly influenced by a multitude of ancient and medieval people , traditions and religions.
It covers a broad spectrum with mediums and disciplines that include painting, pottery , sculpture, ceramics and architecture all of them exemplifying a great variety in style and shape, in different regions and period.
The rise of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empire in the Middle Ages was accompanied by a corresponding growth in Christian and Islamic art in the lands of Albania which are apparent in examples of architecture and mosaics throughout the country.
The architecture of Albania reflects the legacy of various civilisations tracing back to the classical antiquity. Major cities in Albania have evolved from within the castle to include dwellings, religious and commercial structures, with constant redesigning of town squares and evolution of building techniques.
Nowadays, the cities and towns reflect a whole spectrum of various architectural styles. In the 20th century, many historical as well as sacred buildings bearing the ancient influence were demolished during the communist era.
Considering the long period of rule of the Byzantine Empire , they introduced castles, citadels, churches and monasteries with spectacular wealth of visible murals and frescos.
The 20th century brought new architectural styles such as the modern Italian style , which is present in Tirana such as the Skanderbeg Square and Ministries.
Moreover, other towns received their present-day Albania-unique appearance through various cultural or economic influences.
Socialist classicism arrived during the communist era in Albania after the Second World War. At this period many socialist-styled complexes, wide roads and factories were constructed, while town squares were redesigned and numerous of historic and important buildings demolished.
Throughout the centuries, Albanian cuisine has been widely influenced by Albanian culture , geography and history , and as such, different parts of the country enjoy specific regional cuisines.
Cooking traditions especially vary between the north and the south, owing to differing topography and climate that essentially contribute to the excellent growth conditions for a wide array of herbs, fruits, and vegetables.
Albanians produce and use many varieties of fruits such as lemons , oranges, figs , and most notably, olives , which are perhaps the most important element of Albanian cooking.
Spices and other herbs such as basil , lavender , mint , oregano , rosemary , and thyme are widely used, as are vegetables such as garlic, onions, peppers , potatoes, tomatoes, as well as legumes of all types.
With a coastline along the Adriatic and Ionian in the Mediterranean Sea , fish, crustaceans , and seafood are a popular and an integral part of the Albanian diet.
Otherwise, lamb is the traditional meat for different holidays and religious festivals for both Christians and Muslims , although poultry, beef, and pork are also in plentiful supply.
Petulla, a traditional fried dough, is also a popular speciality, and is served with powdered sugar or feta cheese and different sorts of fruit jams.
Krofne , similar to Berliner doughnuts , are filled with jam, or chocolate and often eaten during cold winter months. Coffee is an integral part of the Albanian lifestyle.
The country has more coffee houses per capita than any other country in the world. It is cultivated across Southern Albania and noted for its medicinal properties.
Black tea with a slice of lemon and sugar, milk, or honey is also popular. Albanian wine is also common throughout the country, and has been cultivated for thousands of years.
Albania has a long and ancient history of wine production, and belongs to the Old World of wine producing countries.
The freedom of press and speech , and the right to free expression is guaranteed in the constitution of Albania.
Radio Televizioni Shqiptar RTSH is the national broadcaster corporation of Albania operating numerous television and radio stations in the country.
Albanian cinema has its roots in the 20th century and developed after the country's declaration of independence. It went on to win the international prize at the Cannes Film Festival.
In , the Tirana International Film Festival was established, the largest film festival in the country. Albanian folk music is a prominent part of the national identity, and continues to play a major part in overall Albanian music.
Folk music can be divided into two stylistic groups, mainly the northern Gheg varieties, and southern Lab and Tosk varieties.
Northern and southern traditions are contrasted by a rugged tone from the north, and the more relaxed southern form of music.
Many songs concern events from Albanian history and culture , including traditional themes of honour, hospitality, treachery, and revenge. Several gramophone compilations were recorded at the time by the three artists, which eventually led to the recognition of Albanian iso-polyphony as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Every cultural and geographical region of Albania has its own specific variety of costume that vary in style, material, color, shape, detail, and form.
Some elderly people continue to wear traditional clothing in their daily lives. Clothing was traditionally made mainly from local materials such as leather, wool, linen, hemp fibre, and silk; Albanian textiles are still embroidered in elaborate ancient patterns.
The Albanian language comprises an independent branch and is a language isolate within the Indo-European family of languages; it is not connected to any other known living language in Europe.
Its origin is conclusively unknown, but it is believed to have descended from an ancient Paleo-Balkan language. The cultural renaissance was first of all expressed through the development of the Albanian language in the area of church texts and publications, mainly of the Catholic region in the northern of Albania, but also of the Orthodox in the south.
The Protestant reforms invigorated hopes for the development of the local language and literary tradition, when cleric Gjon Buzuku brought into the Albanian language the Catholic liturgy , trying to do for the Albanian language, what Martin Luther did for the German language.
Meshari The Missal written by Gjon Buzuku was published in and is considered as one of the first literary work of written Albanian during the Middle Ages.
The refined level of the language and the stabilised orthography must be the result of an earlier tradition of written Albanian, a tradition that is not well understood.
However, there is some fragmented evidence, pre-dating Buzuku, which indicates that Albanian was written from at least the 14th century. Albanian writings from these centuries must not have been religious texts only, but historical chronicles too.
The History of Skanderbeg is still the foundation of Skanderbeg studies and is considered an Albanian cultural treasure, vital to the formation of Albanian national self-consciousness.
The most famous Albanian writer in the 20th and 21st century is probably Ismail Kadare. He has been mentioned as a possible recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature several times.
Albania participated at the Olympic Games in for the first time. The country made their Winter Olympic Games debut in Albania missed the next four games, two of them due to the and boycotts, but returned for the games in Barcelona.
Since then, Albania have participated in all games. Albania normally competes in events that include swimming, athletics, weightlifting, shooting and wrestling.
The country have been represented by the National Olympic Committee of Albania since The nation has participated at the Mediterranean Games since the games of in Syria.
The Albanian athletes have won a total of 43 8 gold, 17 silver and 18 bronze medals from to Popular sports in Albania include Football , weightlifting, basketball , volleyball, tennis, swimming, rugby union and gymnastics.
Football is by far the most popular sport in Albania. Albania scored their first ever goal in a major tournament and secured their first ever win in European Championship when they beat Romania by 1—0 in a UEFA Euro match on 19 June Weightlifting is one of the most successful individual sport for the Albanians, with the national team winning medals at the European Weightlifting Championships and the rest international competitions.
Albanian weightlifters have won a total of 16 medals at the European Championships with 1 of them being gold, 7 silver and 8 bronze.
In the World Weightlifting Championships , the Albanian weightlifting team has won in a gold in a silver and in a bronze medal.
Historically, the Albanian people have established several communities in many regions throughout Southern Europe.
The Albanian diaspora has been formed since the late Middle Ages , when they emigrated to places such as Italy, especially in Sicily and Calabria , and Greece to escape either various socio-political difficulties or the Ottoman conquest of Albania.
Albanian minorities are present in the neighbouring territories such as the west of North Macedonia , the east of Montenegro , Kosovo in its entirety and southern Serbia.
In Kosovo , Albanians make up the largest ethnic group in the country. Altogether, the number of ethnic Albanian living abroad its territory is estimated to be higher than the total population inside the territory of Albania.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Albania disambiguation. Coat of arms.
Greek Aromanian Macedonian others. Main article: Etymology of Albania. Main article: History of Albania. See also: Timeline of Albanian history.
Main article: Prehistory of Albania. Main article: Antiquity in Albania. Main article: Albania in the Middle Ages.
Main article: Albania under the Ottoman Empire. See also: Albanian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire.
Main article: Albanian Renaissance. See also: League of Prizren. Main article: Independent Albania. See also: Albanian Declaration of Independence.
Main article: First Republic of Albania. Main article: Communism in Albania. Further information: Bunkers in Albania. Main article: Fall of communism in Albania.
Further information: Pyramid schemes and civil war of Main article: Geography of Albania. Main article: Climate of Albania. Main article: Biodiversity of Albania.
See also: Ecoregions in Albania. Main article: Protected areas of Albania. See also: National parks of Albania. Main article: Politics of Albania.
See also: Government of Albania. Main article: Foreign relations of Albania. Main article: Armed Forces of Albania.
Main article: Counties of Albania. See also: Municipalities of Albania. Main article: Economy of Albania.
Main article: Agriculture in Albania. See also: Category:Mines in Albania. See also: Banking , Telecommunications , and Tourism in Albania.
Main article: Transport in Albania. Main article: Education in Albania. Main article: Health in Albania. Main article: Renewable energy in Albania.
See also: Power stations and Oil fields in Albania. Main articles: Technology and Telecommunications in Albania.
Main article: Demography of Albania. See also: Albanian people and Origin of the Albanians. Main article: Minorities of Albania.
Distribution of ethnic groups within Albania, as of the census. Districts colored gray are those where a majority of people did not declare an ethnicity the question was optional.
The census was criticized and boycotted by minorities in Albania. Main article: Languages of Albania. See also: Albanian language.
One road sign in Albanian and a minority language Macedonian and one in Albanian and a foreign language for tourists English in Pustec left Road sign in Albanian and a minority language Greek in Goranxi right.
Main article: Religion in Albania. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
July Christianity No Denomination 5. Irreligion 2. Unclear Main article: Culture of Albania. Main article: National symbols of Albania.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main articles: Albanian art and architecture. Main article: Albanian cuisine. Main article: Media in Albania.
See also: Cinema of Albania. Main article: Music of Albania. Main article: Traditional Albanian clothing. October Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Main article: Albanian literature. Main articles: Albanian diaspora and Albanian communities. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.
The two governments began to normalise relations in , as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the United Nations member states.
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Situated on the shores of Lake Ohrid, the town of Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe; Lake Ohrid is a superlative natural phenomenon, providing refuge for numerous endemic and relict freshwater species of flora and fauna dating from the tertiary period.
As a deep and ancient lake of tectonic origin, Lake Ohrid has existed continuously for approximately two to three million years.
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